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Issue 28, 2018
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Organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite quantum dots with high PLQY and enhanced carrier mobility through crystallinity control by solvent engineering and solid-state ligand exchange

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Abstract

The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) and charge carrier mobility of organic–inorganic perovskite QDs were enhanced by the optimization of crystallinity and surface passivation as well as solid-state ligand exchange. The crystallinity of perovskite QDs was determined by the Effective solvent field (Esol) of various solvents for precipitation. The solvent with high Esol could more quickly countervail the localized field generated by the polar solvent, and it causes fast crystallization of the dissolved precursor, which results in poor crystallinity. The post-ligand adding process (PLAP) and post-ligand exchange process (PLEP) increase the PLQY of perovskite QDs by reducing non-radiative recombination and the density of surface defect states through surface passivation. Particularly, the post ligand exchange process (PLEP) in the solid-state improved the charge carrier mobility of perovskite QDs in addition to the PLQY enhancement. The ligand exchange with short alkyl chain length ligands could improve the packing density of perovskite QDs in films by reducing the inter-particle distance between perovskite QDs. The maximum hole mobility of 6.2 × 10−3 cm2 V−1 s−1, one order higher than that of pristine QDs without the PLEP, is obtained at perovskite QDs with hexyl ligands. By using PLEP treatment, compared to the pristine device, a 2.5 times higher current efficiency in perovskite QD-LEDs was achieved due to the improved charge carrier mobility and PLQY.

Graphical abstract: Organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite quantum dots with high PLQY and enhanced carrier mobility through crystallinity control by solvent engineering and solid-state ligand exchange

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jan 2018, accepted on 23 Apr 2018 and first published on 25 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR00806J
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 13356-13367
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    Organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite quantum dots with high PLQY and enhanced carrier mobility through crystallinity control by solvent engineering and solid-state ligand exchange

    J. Woo Choi, H. C. Woo, X. Huang, W. Jung, B. Kim, S. Jeon, S. Yim, J. Lee and C. Lee, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 13356
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR00806J

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