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Recent advances in anti-angiogenic nanomedicines for cancer therapy

Abstract

Angiogenesis is a normal physiological remodeling process initiated at the time of embryonic development and lessened with the progress of time. Nevertheless, continuous activation of stringent signaling pathways and proangiogenic factors during tumorigenesis (a pathological condition) instigates serious vessel abnormalities eliciting severe therapeutic inefficiency. In principle, systemic delivery of robust antiangiogenic drug often fails to reach these abnormal tumor vessels depicting poor pharmacokinetics, biodistribution profile and adverse side effects in vivo. Recently, the advent of nanotechnology has offered numerous advantages encompassing high drug payloads, increased blood half-life and reduced toxicity, likewise, such nanomedicines can also target the key components of tumor microenvironment and tumor cells effectively. Synergistic targeting of malignant cells and vessel abnormalities via integration of antiangiogenic and other potent combinational regimens in a single nanoplatform can revitalize the therapeutic success. In this review, we will discuss the most promising nanotechnological advancements rehabilitating angiogenesis, and emerging nanocarriers comprehending gene delivery, stem cell therapies and dynamic combinational strategies for effective anticancer therapy.

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Dec 2017, accepted on 12 Feb 2018 and first published on 12 Feb 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR09612G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Recent advances in anti-angiogenic nanomedicines for cancer therapy

    P. Bhattarai, S. Hameed and Z. Dai, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR09612G

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