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Issue 13, 2018
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A controllable robust multiferroic GaTeCl monolayer with colossal 2D ferroelectricity and desirable multifunctionality

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Abstract

We propose through first-principles investigation that the GaTeCl monolayer is an excellent two-dimensional (2D) multiferroic with giant mechanical anisotropy. The calculated phonon spectrum, molecular dynamic simulations, and elastic moduli confirm its dynamic and mechanical stability, and our cleavage energy analysis shows that exfoliating one GaTeCl monolayer from the existing GaTeCl bulk is feasible. The calculated in-plane ferroelectric polarization reaches 578 pC m−1. The energy barriers per formula unit of the ferroelastic 90° rotational and ferroelectric reversal transitions are 476 meV and 754 meV, respectively, being the greatest in the 2D multiferroics family so far. Importantly, on the other hand, a tensile stress of 4.7 N m−1 perpendicular to the polarization can drive the polarization to rotate by 90°. These can make the GaTeCl monolayer have not only robust ferroelasticity and ferroelectricity but also easy mechanical controllability. Furthermore, the GaTeCl monolayer has giant piezoelectricity and optical second harmonic generation, especially in the range of visible light, and a tensile stress of 0.3 N m−1 along the polarization can make the indirect gap transit to the direct gap. These interesting mechanical, electronic, and optical properties of the GaTeCl monolayer show its great potential in high-performance multi-functional applications.

Graphical abstract: A controllable robust multiferroic GaTeCl monolayer with colossal 2D ferroelectricity and desirable multifunctionality

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Dec 2017, accepted on 20 Feb 2018 and first published on 21 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR09588K
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 5990-5996
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    A controllable robust multiferroic GaTeCl monolayer with colossal 2D ferroelectricity and desirable multifunctionality

    S. Zhang and B. Liu, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 5990
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR09588K

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