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Ultra-broadband nonlinear optical response of two-dimensional h-BN nanosheets and their hybrid gel glasses

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Abstract

Hydrophilic hydroxylated hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs), also called ‘white graphene’, exhibit high water solubility, compatibility, dispersity with physical and/or chemical effects on the gel matrix, and unexpected but outstanding near-infrared adsorption and nonlinear optical limiting properties. These properties mean that hydroxylated BNNSs are suitable for practical applications in solidification and devices. Hydroxylated BNNSs are doped into an organically modified silicate matrix through a facile sol–gel process. The resulting BNNS–organically modified silicate glass hybrids demonstrate various solid structures (glass, coating, and film), good uniformity, thermostability, toughness, and high linear transmittance in the visible and near-infrared regions. Hybrid glasses showed large optical limiting effects and high doping concentrations without the addition of a compatibiliser, and their limiting thresholds and concentration exceed those of the corresponding suspensions by factors of 1.3–2 and 20–130, respectively. The optical limiting performance of BNNSs is almost equal to or may exceed those of graphene oxide and graphene in solutions and doped glasses. The combined mechanisms of nonlinear absorption, refraction, and scattering are deduced. A solid organically modified silicate hybrid transparent system doped with BNNSs is a promising candidate material for optical limiters and nonlinear optical devices. This system could be an efficient solid-state optical limiter in the visible and long-wavelength near-infrared regions (532–2000 nm).

Graphical abstract: Ultra-broadband nonlinear optical response of two-dimensional h-BN nanosheets and their hybrid gel glasses

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Nov 2017, accepted on 31 Jan 2018 and first published on 31 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR08804C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Ultra-broadband nonlinear optical response of two-dimensional h-BN nanosheets and their hybrid gel glasses

    Z. Xie, Y. Wu, X. Sun, S. Liu, F. Ma, G. Zhao, X. Hao and S. Zhou, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR08804C

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