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Selective delivery of adapalene to the human hair follicle under finite dose conditions using polymeric micelle nanocarriers

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Abstract

Drug delivery systems that target the pilosebaceous unit (PSU) selectively could improve the clinical management of diseases that originate in the hair follicle. The aims of this study were (i) to prepare polymeric micelles using D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate diblock copolymer that incorporated adapalene (ADA), a retinoid indicated for Acne vulgaris, and (ii) to investigate the feasibility of delivering ADA preferentially to the PSU under finite dose conditions – thereby better approximating actual conditions of use by patients. Incorporation of ADA into spherical micelles (dn <20 nm) increased aqueous solubility by ∼50 000-fold (from <4 ng mL−1 to 0.2 mg mL−1). Optimized micelle solution and gel formulations (0.02% ADA) were stable after storage for 4 weeks at 4 °C. Finite dose experiments using full-thickness porcine and human skin revealed that ADA delivery efficiency from micelle solution and gel formulations was equivalent and was >2- and 10-fold higher than that from Differin® gel and Differin® cream (products containing ADA at 0.1% (w/w)). Follicular delivery studies in human skin, using a punch biopsy technique to extract the intact PSU, demonstrated that the micelle solution and gel formulations did indeed enable preferential delivery of ADA to the PSU (4.5- and 3.3-fold higher, respectively, than that to PSU-free skin biopsies). Confocal laser scanning microscopy provided visual corroboration that ADA was uniformly distributed in the hair follicles. In conclusion, the results confirmed that polymeric micelle nanocarriers enabled selective, targeted drug delivery to the PSU under finite dose conditions and so might improve therapy of follicular diseases and decrease off-site side-effects.

Graphical abstract: Selective delivery of adapalene to the human hair follicle under finite dose conditions using polymeric micelle nanocarriers

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Oct 2017, accepted on 16 Dec 2017 and first published on 18 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR07706H
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Selective delivery of adapalene to the human hair follicle under finite dose conditions using polymeric micelle nanocarriers

    S. G. Kandekar, S. del Río-Sancho, M. Lapteva and Y. N. Kalia, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR07706H

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