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Tailoring structural and morphological properties of hydroxyapatite materials to enhance the capture efficiency towards copper(II) and lead(II) ions

Abstract

This study deals with the use of calcium hydroxyapatite (HAP) materials as adsorbents for removing heavy metal ions from polluted waters. The synthesis conditions (i.e. P/Ca stoichiometry and nature of the solvent) of HAP samples were properly varied in order to prepare three different samples with tuned properties. Stoichiometric hydroxyapatite, with Ca/P=1.67 (s-HAP), Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite, with Ca/P<1.67 (d-HAP), and hydroxyapatite precipitated from hydro-alcoholic solution (a-HAP) were prepared and used as adsorbents for copper and lead ions. Tests were carried out with simulated polluted waters containing single- and binary-metal concentrations of the two ions, with investigation on the selectivity of the metal capture process. The prepared materials have been characterized by a suite of methods including FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, and N2-adsorption/desorption analyses. The results showed that for Pb2+, the removal efficiency was maximum (>99%) independently from the intrinsic properties of the adsorbents, the initial concentration of Pb2+, and the co-presence of Cu2+. Conversely, the removal of Cu2+ was affected by the structural properties of the HAP adsorbents, being d-HAP the most efficient adsorbent for Cu2+ (93%). Immobilization of Pb2+ and Cu2+ onto HAP occurred by two different mechanisms: a dissolution-precipitation mechanism with formation of Pb10(PO4)6(OH)2 phase was responsible for the Pb2+ uptake, whereas Cu2+ was immobilised by surface complexations involving Ca2+ species with carbonate and hydroxyl groups of HAP. In addition, leaching tests revealed that the confinement of the two metal species on HAP samples was permanent.

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Publication details

The article was accepted on 05 Feb 2018 and first published on 06 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ00468D
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Tailoring structural and morphological properties of hydroxyapatite materials to enhance the capture efficiency towards copper(II) and lead(II) ions

    S. campisi, C. Castellano and A. Gervasini, New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ00468D

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