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Improved visible light photocatalytic activity of rGO-Fe3O4-NiO hybrid nanocomposites synthesized by in-situ facile method for industrial wastewater treatment applications

Abstract

A reduced graphene oxide -Fe3O4-NiO hybrid nanocomposite was synthesized using a surfactant free in-situ hydrothermal method. The resulting hybrid nanocomposite contained a uniform distribution of nickel oxide nanoparticles and cubic structured Fe3O4. The photocatalytic degradation of color and COD elimination was examined experimentally using a visible light irradiation source. The synthesized hybrid nanocomposite was characterized using a range of techniques such as XRD, FE-SEM with EDX and EPMA, HR-TEM with SAED pattern, XPS spectra and Raman spectra analysis. The mechanism and kinetics of dye degradation by the rGO-Fe3O4-NiO hybrid nanocomposite were examined. The results confirmed that the 2 wt. % G-Fe3O4-NiO hybrid nanocomposite degraded 99% of both methyl red and crystal violet dyes rapidly within 15 min; 97 % of effluent dye was degraded within 60 min and 87 % of the influent dye was degraded within 300 min under visible light sources. Therefore, the synthesized hybrid nanocomposite is an effective catalyst with potential applications in industrial wastewater treatment to remove hazardous pollutants.

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Jan 2018, accepted on 15 Feb 2018 and first published on 15 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ00013A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Improved visible light photocatalytic activity of rGO-Fe3O4-NiO hybrid nanocomposites synthesized by in-situ facile method for industrial wastewater treatment applications

    M. Shanmugam and Y. Ahn, New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ00013A

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