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Improvement of Photocatalytic Activity of Surfactant Modified In2O3 towards Environmental Remediation

Abstract

The present paper describes the photocatalytically active In2O3 thin films developed through direct drop-cast method on F-doped tin oxide (FTO) coated glass substrates using 10 mM In(NO3)3 dissolved in ethylene glycol containing 0–0.0125 M Triton-X 100 (TX-100) surfactant and annealed in air at 600o C to obtain the desired metal oxide. Absorption spectrum measures the direct band gap of surfactant modified In2O3 as 3.48 eV along with an indirect gap of 2.69 eV indicating near visible absorptivity of the materials which have been established through linear sweep voltammetry under periodic UV–Vis and visible irradiation for oxidation of water and sacrificial reagent, SO32-. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (Mott-Schottky) analysis confirms n-type semiconductivity for these materials. Addition of an optimized level of 0.01 M TX-100 surfactant to the precursor solution improves the photoelectrochemical performance of the film to 2.3 fold. The electrochemical action spectra indicate a maximum value of the incident photon to current conversion efficiency (IPCE) for the 0.01 M surfactant modified In2O3 as 28% and the corresponding absorbed photon to current conversion efficiency (APCE) as 40%. Addition of surfactant to In3+ precursor solution results in uniformly distributed particle growth on the surface with better crystallinity.

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Nov 2017, accepted on 03 Jan 2018 and first published on 04 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ04645F
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Improvement of Photocatalytic Activity of Surfactant Modified In2O3 towards Environmental Remediation

    D. Sariket, S. Shyamal, P. Hajra, H. Mandal, A. Bera, A. Maity and C. Bhattacharya, New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ04645F

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