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Issue 10, 2018
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Complexation of An(VI) with succinic acid in aqueous acid solutions: uranyl vs. plutonyl

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Abstract

The complexation of U(VI) and Pu(VI) with succinic acid in aqueous acid solutions is investigated and compared. Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) has been used to study the interaction of U(VI) with succinic acid in perchloric acid aqueous solutions (p[H] 2.0–2.5, 0.1 M ionic strength). The speciation model for uranyl is deduced in the presence of succinic acid. The existence of protonated complexes UO2HSuc+ and UO2(HSuc)2 is supposed and the stability constant values for these complex species are calculated. The interaction of Pu(VI) with succinic acid has been investigated using UV-vis spectrophotometry. The equilibria with the formation of PuO2(HSuc)2, PuO2HSuc2 and PuO2(Suc)22− complex species are found. The stability constant values are calculated at 0.1 M and 1 M ionic strengths. The existence of UO2(HSuc)2, PuO2(HSuc)2 and PuO2HSuc2 is suggested for the first time. It is noticed that the complex species of U(VI) with succinic acid are more stable than the ones of Pu(VI). The U(VI) and Pu(VI) systems with succinic acid are also investigated using density functional theory (DFT). It is observed that actinyl has a bidentate coordination with a succinate anion. Using DFT calculations the experimental finding that uranyl–succinate species are more stable than the corresponding plutonyl–succinate ones is confirmed. This trend in stability is explained by a stronger electrostatic interaction in the uranyl–succinate complexes.

Graphical abstract: Complexation of An(vi) with succinic acid in aqueous acid solutions: uranyl vs. plutonyl

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Oct 2017, accepted on 25 Jan 2018 and first published on 25 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ04061J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018,42, 7780-7788
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    Complexation of An(VI) with succinic acid in aqueous acid solutions: uranyl vs. plutonyl

    V. Sladkov, A. A. Bessonov, J. Roques, I. A. Charushnikova and A. M. Fedosseev, New J. Chem., 2018, 42, 7780
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ04061J

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