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Issue 2, 2018
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Free-standing Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays on aminated r-GO sheets for supercapacitor applications

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Abstract

Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays are grown on aminated r-GO sheets through a facile hydrothermal route. The growth of Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays on aminated r-GO sheets (NiV@r-GO nanocomposites) is confirmed by XRD, FESEM, TEM, XPS, and Raman spectroscopy. The length, height and thickness of the Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays are ∼100, ∼20 and ∼10 nm, respectively. The density of the Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays on the r-GO sheets is directly related to the concentration of precursor used. The generation of mesoporosity during synthesis originates from the high surface area in the NiV@r-GO nanocomposites. The high surface area causes the mesoporous NiV@r-GO nanocomposite based electrode to exhibit a specific capacity of 170 C g−1 at 0.5 A g−1, which is approximately three times higher than that of aminated r-GO sheets. The capacity retention of the NiV@r-GO nanocomposite is 97.2% at 0.5 A g−1 current density after 1400 cycles. Other than the faradic redox reaction, the superior electrochemical performance of NiV@r-GO nanocomposites over the aminated r-GO sheet based electrode is related to the three-dimensional (3D) morphology as an effect of the Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet array, which results in a higher surface area, more active sites and greater electrolyte penetration in the electrode.

Graphical abstract: Free-standing Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays on aminated r-GO sheets for supercapacitor applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Oct 2017, accepted on 08 Dec 2017 and first published on 08 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ03862C
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018,42, 1243-1249
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    Free-standing Ni3(VO4)2 nanosheet arrays on aminated r-GO sheets for supercapacitor applications

    R. Kumar, P. K. Gupta, P. Rai and A. Sharma, New J. Chem., 2018, 42, 1243
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ03862C

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