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Construction of a Z-scheme core–shell g-C3N4/MCNTs/BiOI nanocomposite semiconductor with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity

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Abstract

A novel Z-scheme core–shell g-C3N4/MCNTs/BiOI heterojunction was successfully designed and fabricated through filling multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MCNTs) with g-C3N4, followed by the loading of BiOI on the outer surface of the MCNTs. The structure–property relationship was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL), ESR probe tests and reactive species trapping measurements. The results show that the BiOI nanoparticles are uniformly loaded on the surface of the MCNTs which are fully filled by g-C3N4. The MCNTs connect the two semiconductors of g-C3N4 and BiOI, and serve as electron mediating conductors to promote the transfer of the photo-generated electrons, thereby constructing a Z-scheme heterojunction between g-C3N4 and BiOI. With this unique structure, enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activities are achieved because of the synergistic effect of light harvesting and improved separation efficiency of photo-generated carriers.

Graphical abstract: Construction of a Z-scheme core–shell g-C3N4/MCNTs/BiOI nanocomposite semiconductor with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Sep 2017, accepted on 23 Nov 2017 and first published on 24 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ03623J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    Construction of a Z-scheme core–shell g-C3N4/MCNTs/BiOI nanocomposite semiconductor with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity

    Z. You, Q. Shen, Y. Su, Y. Yu, H. Wang, T. Qin, F. Zhang, D. Cheng and H. Yang, New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ03623J

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