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A simple, rapid and efficient flame synthesis of ultrafine LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 (x = 0.25 and 0.30): a versatile route to synthesize Ni-rich cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

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Abstract

A simple, rapid, and efficient flame synthesis method was developed to fabricate LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 (x = 0.25 and 0.30) cathode materials for Li-ion batteries. The ignition of metal nitrate precursors with a reddish flame was completed within 15–20 s. The complete procedure to obtain the LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 precursor powder took 30–55 min, which is the simplest as well as the most rapid and efficient method among the synthesis methods reported thus far to obtain an analogous Ni-rich, LiNi0.70Co0.30O2 cathode material. X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of a single phase of LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 (x = 0.25 and 0.30) calcined at 800 °C for 12 h. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy revealed the ultrafine nature of the particles. SEM showed grains with smooth surfaces and size in the range of 200 nm–0.4 μm, and TEM displayed the particles with a size range of 90 nm–0.2 μm. The fabricated materials showed discharge specific capacities of 159 mA h g−1 and 137 mA h g−1 at a 0.1C rate for the initial cycle at room temperature for LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 with x = 0.25 and 0.30, respectively. These results suggest that LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 synthesized via this facile route shows promising electrochemical activity. Consequently, the flame synthesis technique can be very attractive for the facile fabrication of structurally similar lithiated nickel–cobalt oxides for use as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries that are suitable for mass production.

Graphical abstract: A simple, rapid and efficient flame synthesis of ultrafine LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 (x = 0.25 and 0.30): a versatile route to synthesize Ni-rich cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jul 2017, accepted on 17 Nov 2017 and first published on 20 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02679J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    A simple, rapid and efficient flame synthesis of ultrafine LiNi0.95−xCoxTi0.05O2 (x = 0.25 and 0.30): a versatile route to synthesize Ni-rich cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

    L. Singh, J. Lee, G. W. Kim, M. Ji, C. Moon, H. Lee, J. W. Ha and Y. Lee, New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02679J

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