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Issue 3, 2018
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Arsenite increases Cyclin D1 expression through coordinated regulation of the Ca2+/NFAT2 and NF-κB pathways via ERK/MAPK in a human uroepithelial cell line

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Abstract

To understand the direct link between Cyclin D1, and nuclear factor of activated T cells 2 (NFAT2) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB in arsenic-treated bladder cells, as well as the association between MAPK and NFAT signaling, we determined whether or not the Ca2+/NFAT pathway is activated in an arsenic-treated normal urothelial cell line and determined the roles of NFAT and NF-κB signals in the regulation of Cyclin D1 expression. The SV-40 immortalized human uroepithelial cell line, SV-HUC-1, was treated with NaAsO2 for 24 h (0, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 μM) and 10, 20, 30, and 40 weeks (0 and 0.5 μM). We found that arsenite increased the intracellular Ca2+ levels and induced NFAT2 nuclear translocation after treatment for 24 h. The level of NFAT2 mRNA and expression of total protein and nuclear protein were increased after long-term treatment with 0.5 μM arsenite for 30 and 40 weeks compared to the cells treated for 24 h. In addition, NF-κB p50 and p65 nuclear protein expression increased significantly in cells treated with 2–8 μM arsenite for 24 h, which was consistent with NFAT2 nuclear expression. Furthermore, an ERK inhibitor (U0126) significantly reduced the expression of NFAT2 nuclear protein, and an ERK and JNK inhibitor decreased the levels of p65 and p50 nuclear protein. Cyclin D1 is known as a proto-oncogene and the level of this protein was increased in SV-HUC-1 cells treated with arsenite for 24 h and long-term. An NFAT inhibitor (CsA) and NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC) all markedly reduced Cyclin D1 protein expression. Treatment with U0126 also significantly decreased Cyclin D1 protein expression while JNK and p38 inhibitors did not attenuate the arsenite-associated increase in Cyclin D1 protein expression. The results suggest that regulation of Cyclin D1 protein expression by arsenite in SV-HUC-1 cells is dependent on ERK/NFAT2 and ERK/NF-κB, but is not dependent on JNK or p38.

Graphical abstract: Arsenite increases Cyclin D1 expression through coordinated regulation of the Ca2+/NFAT2 and NF-κB pathways via ERK/MAPK in a human uroepithelial cell line

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Nov 2017, accepted on 22 Feb 2018 and first published on 23 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7MT00305F
Citation: Metallomics, 2018,10, 486-495
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    Arsenite increases Cyclin D1 expression through coordinated regulation of the Ca2+/NFAT2 and NF-κB pathways via ERK/MAPK in a human uroepithelial cell line

    J. Liu, P. Jin, X. Lin, Q. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu and S. Xi, Metallomics, 2018, 10, 486
    DOI: 10.1039/C7MT00305F

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