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Applications and perspectives of nanomaterials in novel vaccine development

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Abstract

Vaccines show great potential for both prophylactic and therapeutic use in infections, cancer, and other diseases. With the rapid development of bio-technologies and materials sciences, nanomaterials are playing essential roles in novel vaccine formulations and can boost antigen effectiveness by operating as delivery systems to enhance antigen processing and/or as immune-potentiating adjuvants to induce or potentiate immune responses. The effect of nanoparticles in vaccinology showed enhanced antigen stability and immunogenicity as well as targeted delivery and slow release. However, obstacles remain due to the lack of fundamental knowledge on the detailed molecular working mechanism and in vivo bio-effects of nanoparticles. This review provides a broad overview of the current improvements in nanoparticles in vaccinology. Modern nanoparticle vaccines are classified by the nanoparticles' action based on either delivery system or immune potentiator approaches. The mechanisms of interaction of nanoparticles with the antigens and the immune system are discussed. Nanoparticle vaccines approved for use are also listed. A fundamental understanding of the in vivo bio-distribution and the fate of nanoparticles will accelerate the rational design of new nanoparticles comprising vaccines in the future.

Graphical abstract: Applications and perspectives of nanomaterials in novel vaccine development

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Mar 2017, accepted on 17 Oct 2017 and first published on 17 Oct 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7MD00158D
Citation: Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, Advance Article
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    Applications and perspectives of nanomaterials in novel vaccine development

    Y. Shen, T. Hao, S. Ou, C. Hu and L. Chen, Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7MD00158D

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