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A linear concentration gradient generator based on multi-layered centrifugal microfluidics and its application in antimicrobial susceptibility testing

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Abstract

In almost any branch of chemistry or life sciences, it is often necessary to study the interaction between different components in a system by varying their respective concentrations in a systematic manner. Currently, many procedures for generating a series of samples of different solute concentration levels are still done manually by dilution. To address this issue, we present herein a highly automated linear concentration gradient generator based on centrifugal microfluidics. The operation of this device is based on the use of multi-layered microfluidics in which individual fluidic samples to be mixed together are stored and metered in their respective layers before finally being transferred to a mixing chamber. To demonstrate the operation of this scheme, we have used the device to conduct antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST). Firstly, DI water, ampicillin solution and E. coli suspension were loaded into the chambers in different layers. As the device went through several rounds of spinning at different speeds, a series of metered dosages of ampicillin along a linear concentration gradient were introduced to the mixing chamber and mixed with E. coli automatically. By monitoring the spectral absorbance of the suspensions, we were able to establish the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of ampicillin against E. coli. The process took about 3 hours to complete, and the experimental results showed a strong correlation with those obtained with the standard CLSI broth dilution method. Clearly, the platform is useful for a wide range of applications such as drug discovery and personalised medicine, where concentration gradients are of concern.

Graphical abstract: A linear concentration gradient generator based on multi-layered centrifugal microfluidics and its application in antimicrobial susceptibility testing

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jan 2018, accepted on 21 Mar 2018 and first published on 22 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8LC00042E
Citation: Lab Chip, 2018, Advance Article
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    A linear concentration gradient generator based on multi-layered centrifugal microfluidics and its application in antimicrobial susceptibility testing

    M. Tang, X. Huang, Q. Chu, X. Ning, Y. Wang, S. Kong, X. Zhang, G. Wang and H. Ho, Lab Chip, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8LC00042E

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