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Exploiting waste: Towards a sustainable production of biodiesel using Musa acuminata peel ash as a heterogeneous catalyst

Abstract

Today, biodiesel; a renewable, non-toxic and environment friendly fuel, is attracting increasing attention worldwide as an alternative to fossil fuel. In the present study, waste biomass-derived banana peel ash served as a heterogeneous catalyst for converting soybean oil into biodiesel at room temperature. The catalyst was well-characterized using IR, XRD, XRF, XPS, SEM, EDX, TEM, TGA and BET analysis technques to assessed its chemical compositions, structure and morphology. The TEM-EDX, XPS and XRF analysis revealed the presence of several alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, which probably provide the basic sites for the transesterification reactions to produce biodiesel. A high biodiesel yield of 98.95% was achieved under the optimized reaction conditions.The catalyst has the advantage of being a waste material hence cost-free, easily prepared, biogenic, highly efficient, labor-effective and environment friendly; making it a potential candidate as “green catalyst” for low cost production of biodiesel in industrial scale.

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jan 2018, accepted on 12 Apr 2018 and first published on 13 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8GC00071A
Citation: Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Exploiting waste: Towards a sustainable production of biodiesel using Musa acuminata peel ash as a heterogeneous catalyst

    G. Pathak, D. Das, K. Rajkumari and L. Rokhum, Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8GC00071A

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