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Issue 8, 2018
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A novel functional lignin-based filler for pyrolysis and feedstock recycling of poly(L-lactide)

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Abstract

Poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) is one of the most attractive environmental-friendly polymer. However, it has some drawbacks that are difficult to avoid such as high cost, single-function, and particularly racemization of lactide during the recycling process. Previously, lignin-graft-poly(D-lactic acid) (LG-g-PDLA) was reported with UV blocking capability, good compatibility and the ability to accelerate crystallization in PLLA systems. Upon further research, we noted an unexpected effect of this copolymer on the thermal degradation and L-lactide recovery of PLLA. Herein, to clarify the effects of LG-g-PDLA in PLLA pyrolysis, a PLLA/LG-g-PDLA blend film was prepared. The pyrolysis products, thermal degradation kinetics and mechanism of the blend film were studied in detail via thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (Py-GC/MS). During pyrolysis, the LG-g-PDLA fragments possessing free-radicals condense with the carboxyl ends of PLLA. PLLA could effectively undergo unzipping depolymerization to avoid racemization and produce more optically pure L-lactide. This is the first report of a lignin-based filler with multifunction. In addition to adding properties and enhancing the performances of PLLA application, the PLLA/LG-g-PDLA blend system also presents a good example of completely green materials for feedstock recycling.

Graphical abstract: A novel functional lignin-based filler for pyrolysis and feedstock recycling of poly(l-lactide)

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Dec 2017, accepted on 09 Mar 2018 and first published on 09 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03863A
Citation: Green Chem., 2018,20, 1777-1783
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    A novel functional lignin-based filler for pyrolysis and feedstock recycling of poly(L-lactide)

    L. Dai, R. Liu and C. Si, Green Chem., 2018, 20, 1777
    DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03863A

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