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Issue 5, 2018
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Pd-doped Ni nanoparticle-modified N-doped carbon nanocatalyst with high Pd atom utilization for the transfer hydrogenation of nitroarenes

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Abstract

Palladium (Pd)-based catalysts with maximum utilization of the Pd atoms are attractive for hydrogenation reactions and conserving Pd resources. Herein, the highly dispersed Ni nanoparticle (NP)-modified mesoporous N-doped carbon (Ni/mCN) was successfully prepared by pyrolyzing a mixture of polyacrylonitrile, melamine and Ni(NO3)2·6H2O. Then, the resulting Ni/mCN material with highly dispersed metallic Ni NPs was treated with Pd(AcO)2, and Pd2+ was spontaneously reduced to metallic Pd by the Ni NPs, affording the PdNi NP-based catalyst (PdNi/mCN). The spontaneous reduction process deposits most of the Pd atoms on the surface of the Ni NPs, thus allowing for the maximum utilization of the noble metal Pd. The prepared mesoporous N-doped carbon support can not only provide more surface area to adsorb reaction substrates, but also enhances the accessibility of the active sites of PdNi NPs. The prepared PdNi/mCN nanocatalyst shows a very high catalytic activity for the transfer hydrogenation of nitroarenes using formic acid as the reductant under ambient conditions in aqueous solution, as compared to other Pd-based catalysts, probably because of the highly dispersed PdNi NPs and the maximum utilization of the Pd atoms, as well as the superior structure of mCN. Moreover, the PdNi/mCN nanocatalyst exhibits excellent recyclability and reusability, and the catalytic activity does not obviously decrease after ten reaction cycles. Therefore, we believe that this study should open a new frontier in the preparation of porous N-doped carbon-supported catalysts with maximum utilization of the noble metals for green and sustainable catalysis.

Graphical abstract: Pd-doped Ni nanoparticle-modified N-doped carbon nanocatalyst with high Pd atom utilization for the transfer hydrogenation of nitroarenes

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Dec 2017, accepted on 01 Feb 2018 and first published on 02 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03710D
Citation: Green Chem., 2018,20, 1121-1130
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    Pd-doped Ni nanoparticle-modified N-doped carbon nanocatalyst with high Pd atom utilization for the transfer hydrogenation of nitroarenes

    X. Cui, Y. Long, X. Zhou, G. Yu, J. Yang, M. Yuan, J. Ma and Z. Dong, Green Chem., 2018, 20, 1121
    DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03710D

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