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Biocatalysis of carboxylic acid reductases: Phylogenesis, catalytic mechanism and potential applications

Abstract

In recent decades, biocatalysis has attracted more and more attention, contributing significantly to synthetic organic chemistry and biotechnology, and thereby advancing the development of greener and more sustainable synthetic processes. As a versatile enzyme, carboxylic acid reductases (CARs) are widely distributed in bacteria, fungi and plants. Recent seminal studies focusing on CARs have demonstrated that they can efficiently and selectively reduce a broad range of carboxylic acid substrates to their corresponding aldehyde moieties, which constitutes a very difficult transformation using chemical methods. However, the full potential of CARs has yet to be explored. In this review, we summarize progress of CARs from an evolutionary point of view, including the convergence/divergence between CARs and knowledge of the catalytic mechanism. Particular emphasis is placed on recent advances in practical applications as well as future developments.

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Oct 2017, accepted on 12 Jan 2018 and first published on 12 Jan 2018


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03046K
Citation: Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Biocatalysis of carboxylic acid reductases: Phylogenesis, catalytic mechanism and potential applications

    G. Qu, J. Guo, D. Yang and Z. Sun, Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7GC03046K

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