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Issue 6, 2018
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Steamed bread enriched with quercetin as an antiglycative food product: its quality attributes and antioxidant properties

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Abstract

Quercetin, a natural antiglycative agent, was incorporated into steamed bread to produce a functional food that has high potential to lower the risk of diabetes. With the incorporation of quercetin at 1.20, 2.40, and 3.60%, the volume of steamed bread significantly decreased and the hardness of the crumb correspondingly increased with incremental quercetin content, while incorporation levels below 1.20% had no impact. Within this range of enrichment (1.2–3.6%), quercetin negatively affected the yeast activity with significantly less CO2 produced in dough during proofing. The wheat protein structure was altered by quercetin in terms of a higher level of β-sheets and a lower level of β-turns. The antioxidant capacity of the steamed bread with quercetin (0.05–0.2%) was significantly enhanced dose-dependently. A high inhibitory activity of quercetin-enriched steamed bread (0.05–0.2%) against fluorescent advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) via several different mechanisms was observed. The inhibition of total AGEs from 0.2% quercetin-enriched steamed bread was around 40% during in vitro protein glycation. Overall, the results support quercetin-enriched steamed bread to be a promising functional food with high antioxidant and antiglycation properties.

Graphical abstract: Steamed bread enriched with quercetin as an antiglycative food product: its quality attributes and antioxidant properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Apr 2018, accepted on 11 May 2018 and first published on 17 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8FO00818C
Citation: Food Funct., 2018,9, 3398-3407
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    Steamed bread enriched with quercetin as an antiglycative food product: its quality attributes and antioxidant properties

    J. Lin, Y. X. Gwyneth Tan, L. P. Leong and W. Zhou, Food Funct., 2018, 9, 3398
    DOI: 10.1039/C8FO00818C

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