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Hepatoprotection of auraptene from peels of citrus fruits against thioacetamide-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice by activating farnesoid X receptor

Abstract

Hepatic fibrosis is a pathological process that eventually leads to development of cirrhosis and liver cancer by various types of chronic liver disease. Up to date, there is no standard treatment for the progression of liver fibrosis. This study aims to investigate the hepatoprotection of auraptene (AUR), a simple coumarin contained in the peels of citrus fruits such as grapefruit, against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice. The involvement of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the anti-fibrotic effect of AUR was further elucidated using in vivo and in vitro experiments. AUR was found to remarkably protect against liver injury induced by TAA in mice and maintain the homeostasis of bile acid via regulation of FXR-target genes including Bsep, Mrp2, Ntcp, Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1. Masson and Sirius red staining indicated a reduction of collagen content in the liver of AUR treated mice. Furthermore, AUR inhibited the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by down-regulating the expression of TGF-β1 and α-SMA and expressed anti-inflammatory effects via reducing the expression of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β. However, the changes in these genes and protein, as well as ameliorative liver histology induced by AUR were abrogated by FXR antagonist guggulsterone in vivo and FXR siRNA in vitro. Overall, AUR protects against TAA-induced hepatic fibrosis due to reducing toxic bile acids, inhibiting hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation and inflammation, which were all in association with FXR activation. AUR might be efficacious for prevention and treatment of hepatic fibrosis in mice.

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jan 2018, accepted on 09 Apr 2018 and first published on 11 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8FO00107C
Citation: Food Funct., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Hepatoprotection of auraptene from peels of citrus fruits against thioacetamide-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice by activating farnesoid X receptor

    X. Gao, C. Wang, C. Ning, K. Liu, X. Wang, Z. Liu, H. Sun, X. Ma, P. Sun and Q. Meng, Food Funct., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8FO00107C

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