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Citrus medica: Nutritional, phytochemical composition and health benefits-a review


Citrus medica (Citron) is an underutilized fruit plant having various bioactive components in all parts of the plant. Major bioactive compounds present are iso-limonene, citral, limonene, phenolics, flavonones, vitamin C, pectin, linalool, decanal and nonanal, accounting for several health benefits. Pectin and heteropolysachharides also play a major role as dietary fibers. The potential impact of citron and its bioactive components to prevent or reverse destructive deregulated processes responsible for the disease has attracted different researchers’ attention. The fruit has numerous nutraceutical benefits proven with pharmacological study, for example, anti-catarrhal, capillary protector, anti–hypertensive, diuretic, antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, analgesic, strong antioxidant, anticancerous, antidiabetic, estrogenic, antiulcer, cardioprotective and antihyperglycemic. The review explores new insights on the benefits of citron in various body parts. Throughout the world citron has been used in making carbonated drinks, alcoholic beverages, syrup, candied peels, jams, marmalade, cordials and many other value added products which makes it an appropriate raw material to develop healthy processed food. In present review fruit taxonomical classification, beneficial phytochemicals, antioxidant activities and health benefits have been discussed.

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Dec 2017, accepted on 13 Mar 2018 and first published on 14 Mar 2018

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO02035J
Citation: Food Funct., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Citrus medica: Nutritional, phytochemical composition and health benefits-a review

    N. Chhikara, R. Kour, S. Jaglan, P. Gupta, Y. Gat and A. Panghal , Food Funct., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7FO02035J

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