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Issue 3, 2018
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Polydatin inhibits the IL-1β-induced inflammatory response in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and ameliorates murine osteoarthritis

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA), which is characterized by progressive degradation of the articular cartilage, is the most prevalent form of human arthritis. Accumulating evidence has shown that polydatin (PD) exerts special biological functions in a variety of diseases. However, whether it protects against OA development has remained unknown. Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects of PD on interleukin (IL)-1β-induced human osteoarthritic chondrocytes and in the surgical destabilization of medial meniscus mouse (DMM) OA models. In vitro, PD treatment completely suppressed the over-production of pro-inflammatory mediators, including prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nitric oxide (NO), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and IL-6 in IL-1β-induced human OA chondrocytes. Moreover, PD exerted a suppressive effect on the expression of matrix-degrading proteases, including matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) and thrombospondin motifs 5 (ADAMTS-5), which leads to the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Meanwhile, specific inhibition of the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) level by short-interfering RNA (siRNA) strongly reversed the anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects of PD in human OA chondrocytes. The protective effects of PD were also observed in vivo. In conclusion, our studies demonstrate that PD holds novel therapeutic potential for the development of OA.

Graphical abstract: Polydatin inhibits the IL-1β-induced inflammatory response in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and ameliorates murine osteoarthritis

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Oct 2017, accepted on 07 Feb 2018 and first published on 08 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO01555K
Citation: Food Funct., 2018,9, 1701-1712
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    Polydatin inhibits the IL-1β-induced inflammatory response in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and ameliorates murine osteoarthritis

    S. Tang, Q. Tang, J. Jin, G. Zheng, J. Xu, W. Huang, X. Li, P. Shang and H. Liu, Food Funct., 2018, 9, 1701
    DOI: 10.1039/C7FO01555K

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