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Partial renewal of granular activated carbon biofilters for improved drinking water treatment

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Abstract

There is a trend of increasing natural organic matter (NOM) in raw drinking waters of Nordic countries due to climate change. Seasonal deterioration in NOM quality imparts challenges for delivering a consistently high drinking water quality. In this study, a simple and cost effective operational strategy was investigated that improved short-term NOM removal in a full-scale treatment plant. Three granular activated carbon (GAC) media biofilters were modified by replacing a small fraction of saturated filter media with new media. Relative to replacing the entire biofilter media, this approach required lower capital cost and shorter downtime, and maintained conditions for biological filter functioning. NOM removal efficiencies were compared in modified versus unmodified (reference) filters using online UV absorbance, and offline fluorescence and dissolved organic carbon measurements. The modified biofilters showed improved organic matter removal lasting for at least four weeks. Partial replenishment of GAC in full-scale biofilters may be a useful and sustainable operational strategy for coping with temporarily high NOM loads in raw waters that might otherwise cause water quality problems.

Graphical abstract: Partial renewal of granular activated carbon biofilters for improved drinking water treatment

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Oct 2017, accepted on 06 Feb 2018 and first published on 08 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00413C
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Advance Article
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    Partial renewal of granular activated carbon biofilters for improved drinking water treatment

    N. Moona, K. R. Murphy, M. Bondelind, O. Bergstedt and T. J. R. Pettersson, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00413C

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