Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Biosynthesis of palladium nanoparticles using Shewanella loihica PV-4 for excellent catalytic reduction of chromium(VI)

Author affiliations

Abstract

Chromium contamination can be remediated by catalytic reduction with precious metal palladium (Pd). Thus, enhancing the catalytic performance of Pd is of strong interest. An environmentally friendly and nontoxic approach for the production of palladium nanoparticles (Pd-NPs) is to use microorganisms. Herein, the biosynthesis of Pd-NPs by Shewanella loihica PV-4 is reported for the first time. Both extracellular and intracellular bioreduction of Pd(II) has contributed to this bio-fabrication, with the production of Pd0 particles in the size range of 4–10 nm. It was found that several factors including a higher initial Pd(II) concentration, weak acid medium conditions, and a larger dosage of sodium formate and biomass amount could facilitate this synthesis process. The biosynthesized Pd-NPs exhibited excellent catalytic activities for chromium(VI) reduction, with complete removal of Cr(VI) after 3 h of operation with a catalyst amount of 0.5 mg mL−1, an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 0.5 mM, and formic acid as the electron donor; these are significant advantages compared to chemically prepared Pd0. Cr(VI) reduction catalyzed by biosynthesized Pd-NPs was promoted with factors such as a higher dosage of formic acid, lower pH, and a lower initial Cr(VI) concentration. Density functional theory calculations of formic acid decomposition on Pd-NPs revealed that Pd-NPs facilitated formic acid decomposition into CO2 and H2. These results have collectively demonstrated the feasibility of the biosynthesis of Pd-NPs by Shewanella loihica PV-4 and their potential application as promising catalysts for the remediation of chromium contamination.

Graphical abstract: Biosynthesis of palladium nanoparticles using Shewanella loihica PV-4 for excellent catalytic reduction of chromium(vi)

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 05 Dec 2017, accepted on 12 Jan 2018 and first published on 12 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN01167A
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018,5, 730-739
  •   Request permissions

    Biosynthesis of palladium nanoparticles using Shewanella loihica PV-4 for excellent catalytic reduction of chromium(VI)

    W. Wang, B. Zhang, Q. Liu, P. Du, W. Liu and Z. He, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, 5, 730
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EN01167A

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements