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Impurity-bearing ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition on quartz and corundum

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Abstract

During ferrihydrite precipitation, metal ions can be sequestered in it to form impurity-bearing ferrihydrite (IBF). Using grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS), heterogeneous precipitation/deposition of pure and IBF nanoparticles on quartz (SiO2) and corundum (Al2O3) was quantified in 0.1 mM Fe3+ solutions in the absence and presence of 1 mM Mn2+ or Al3+ (pH = 3.8 ± 0.1). The impurity ions (Mn and Al) greatly affected ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition on substrates. On SiO2, ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition was promoted in the presence of Mn but was inhibited in the presence of Al. On Al2O3, Mn- and Al-bearing ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition was slower than for pure ferrihydrite. Compared with on SiO2, pure and IBF nanoparticle precipitation/deposition on Al2O3 was significantly inhibited. To understand the mechanisms, interactions among impurity ions, substrates, and precipitates were explored. Surface enrichment of Mn and Al on precipitates was found to increase the zeta potential of ferrihydrite nanoparticles. The changes in surface charges of the precipitates and substrates affected heterogeneous IBF precipitation/deposition significantly. The rates and mechanisms of heterogeneous IBF precipitation/deposition provided here can help predict pollutant transport and design catalyst synthesis.

Graphical abstract: Impurity-bearing ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition on quartz and corundum

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Sep 2017, accepted on 11 Nov 2017 and first published on 14 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00835J
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, Advance Article
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    Impurity-bearing ferrihydrite nanoparticle precipitation/deposition on quartz and corundum

    C. Dai, J. Liu and Y. Hu, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00835J

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