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Intelligent environmental nanomaterials

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Abstract

Due to the inherent complexity of environmental problems, especially water and air pollution, single-function environmental nanomaterials used in conventional and unconventional environmental treatment technologies are gradually reaching their limits. Intelligent nanomaterials with environmentally responsive functionalities have shown potential to improve the performance of existing and new environmental technologies. By rational design of their structures and functionalities, intelligent nanomaterials can perform different tasks in response to varying application scenarios for the purpose of achieving the best performance. This review offers a critical analysis of the design concepts and latest progress in intelligent environmental nanomaterials in filtration membranes with responsive gates, materials with switchable wettability for selective and on-demand oil/water separation, environmental materials with self-healing capability, and emerging nanofibrous air filters for PM2.5 removal. We hope that this review will inspire further research efforts to develop intelligent environmental nanomaterials for the enhancement of the overall quality of environmental or human health.

Graphical abstract: Intelligent environmental nanomaterials

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Aug 2017, accepted on 26 Jan 2018 and first published on 30 Jan 2018


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00760D
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, Advance Article
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    Intelligent environmental nanomaterials

    J. Chang, L. Zhang and P. Wang, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00760D

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