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Issue 3, 2018
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A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review

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Abstract

Since the gradual decrease of mineral resources on-land, deep sea mining (DSM) is becoming an urgent and important emerging activity in the world. However, until now there has been no commercial scale DSM project in progress. Together with the reasons of technological feasibility and economic profitability, the environmental impact is one of the major parameters hindering its industrialization. Most of the DSM environmental impact research focuses on only one particular aspect ignoring that all the DSM environmental impacts are related to each other. The objective of this work is to propose a framework for the numerical calculation methods of the integrated DSM environmental impacts through a literature review. This paper covers three parts: (i) definition and importance description of different DSM environmental impacts; (ii) description of the existing numerical calculation methods for different environmental impacts; (iii) selection of a numerical calculation method based on the selected criteria. The research conducted in this paper provides a clear numerical calculation framework for DSM environmental impact and could be helpful to speed up the industrialization process of the DSM industry.

Graphical abstract: A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Dec 2017, accepted on 14 Feb 2018 and first published on 14 Feb 2018


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00592J
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2018,20, 454-468
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    A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review

    W. Ma, C. van Rhee and D. Schott, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2018, 20, 454
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00592J

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