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Spatial Control of Cocatalysts and Elimination of Interfacial Defects towards Efficient and Robust CIGS Photocathodes for Solar Water Splitting

Abstract

Chalcopyrite thin film absorbers such as Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) exhibit excellent solar energy conversion efficiency, particularly when coupled with CdS to form an excellent p-n junction. To advance CIGS towards efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), a protective overlayer (typically TiO2) is needed to prevent the corrosion of CIGS and CdS in electrolyte, and an HER catalyst (typically Pt) is required to promote surface reaction. However, it is a great challenge to realize delicate spatial control of HER catalyst on the surface of protective overlayer using traditional deposition method. Additionally, the charge transport through the CdS/overlayer interface is also of vital importance but rarely concerned. Here, through a new two-step platinization strategy, the dispersion and particle size of Pt nanoparticles could be independently controlled to realize high HER catalytic activity. Moreover, defects at the CdS/TiO2 interface are passivated via an ultrathin Al2O3 insertion layer. In consequence, we obtain a robust CIGS/CdS/Al2O3/TiO2/Pt photocathode for PEC hydrogen evolution, which yields an applied bias photon-to-current efficiency (ABPE) of 6.6% in neutral electrolyte with a long-term stability up to 8 h (4.5% drop), and an unprecedented ABPE of 9.3% in acidic electrolyte that is the highest among chalcopyrite-based photocathodes. When pairing it with a BiVO4 photoanode to form a PEC tandem cell, an unbiased solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 1.01% is achieved.

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Dec 2017, accepted on 03 Apr 2018 and first published on 06 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EE03650G
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Spatial Control of Cocatalysts and Elimination of Interfacial Defects towards Efficient and Robust CIGS Photocathodes for Solar Water Splitting

    M. Chen, Y. Liu, C. Li, A. Li, X. Chang, W. Liu, Y. Sun, T. Wang and J. Gong, Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7EE03650G

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