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Issue 16, 2018
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Anion-dependent thermo-responsive supramolecular superstructures of Cu(II) macrocycles

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Abstract

This investigation highlights the role of counter anion towards the formation of thermo-responsive supramolecular assemblies of pre-defined discrete molecular Cu(II) macrocycles. A new heteroditopic ligand (L) composed of two terminal triazolyl–pyridine units and a central pyridine-2,6-carboxamide unit connected via ethylene spacers predominantly forms dinuclear Cu(II) macrocycles [L2Cu2]X4 (X = ClO4, NO3, Cl) in the presence of respective monoanion-based Cu2+ salts. In contrast, dianionic SO42−-based Cu2+ salt produces a mixture of both dinuclear [L2Cu2(SO4)2] and mononuclear [LCu(SO4)] Cu(II) macrocycles. Importantly, detailed molecular structure determinations revealed the presence of multiple secondary interactions of the different counter anions with the corresponding macrocycles. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) studies confirmed the ability of the individual macrocycles to further assemble upon slow evaporation of the solvent. Morphologically pure rod, sphere, and sheet-like superstructures were obtained for ClO4, NO3, and Cl monoanion-based macrocycles, respectively. In contrast, a mixture of linear ribbon and microflower-like assemblies were obtained for SO42−-based macrocycles. Moreover, it was found that upon heating, the rod-like assembly of [L2Cu2](ClO4)4 was gradually transformed into nanoparticles through a microparticle formation, which regenerated the rod-like assembly upon standing at room temperature. This was established from the FESEM, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS) studies.

Graphical abstract: Anion-dependent thermo-responsive supramolecular superstructures of Cu(ii) macrocycles

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Feb 2018, accepted on 22 Mar 2018 and first published on 24 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT00683K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 5734-5742
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    Anion-dependent thermo-responsive supramolecular superstructures of Cu(II) macrocycles

    S. Naskar, B. Jana and P. Ghosh, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 5734
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT00683K

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