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Living ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone catalyzed by β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes: ligand electronic effects

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Abstract

A series of β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes [AlLMe2] 1–7 {L = [(2-C9H6N)-CH[double bond, length as m-dash]C(4-MeC6H4)-N(Ar)–], Ar = C6H5 (1), 4-FC6H4 (2), 3,4,5-F3C6H2 (3), C6F5 (4), 5-tBuC6H4 (5), 2,6-Me2C6H3 (6), and 2,6-iPr2C6H3 (7)} were synthesized by the reaction of AlMe3 with the corresponding β-quinolyl-enamine ligands. All the complexes were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The molecular structures of complexes 1–3 and 7 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which revealed that all the Al atoms adopt a distorted tetrahedral geometry. These Al complexes were tested as the initiators for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL). The polymerization results showed that 1–5 in the presence of BnOH proceeded efficiently and their catalytic behaviors toward the ROP of ε-CL were significantly affected by the substituents of the aryl ring (Ar) on the end of the enamino framework, where the placement of electron-withdrawing substituents caused higher catalytic activity. However 6 and 7 displayed poor activity under the same conditions, suggesting that ortho-substituents on the Ar moieties hamper the coordination–insertion of the ε-CL monomer. The ROP of ε-CL by efficient binary catalytic systems proceeded in a living manner evidenced by the narrow PDIs and the linear nature of Mn versus conversion plots and monomer/catalyst ratios.

Graphical abstract: Living ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone catalyzed by β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes: ligand electronic effects

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Dec 2017, accepted on 05 Feb 2018 and first published on 06 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04522K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article
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    Living ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone catalyzed by β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes: ligand electronic effects

    P. Wang, J. Chao and X. Chen, Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04522K

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