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Living ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone catalyzed by β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes: ligand electronic effect

Abstract

A series of β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes [AlLMe2] 1–7 {L = [(2- C9H6N)-CH=C(4-MeC6H4)-N(Ar)-], Ar = C6H5 (1), 4-FC6H4 (2), 3,4,5-F3C6H2 (3), C6F5 (4), 5-tBuC6H4 (5), 2,6-Me2C6H3 (6), 2,6-iPr2C6H3 (7)} were synthesized by the reaction of AlMe3 with the corresponding β-quinolyl-enamine ligands. All the complexes were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The molecular structures of complexes 1-3 and 7 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which revealed all the Al atoms adopt a distorted tetrahedral geometry. These Al complexes were tested as the initiators for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL). The polymerization results showed that 1-5 in the presence of BnOH proceeded efficiently and their catalytic behaviors toward the (ROP) of ε-CL were significantly affected by the substituents of the aryl ring (Ar) on the end of enamino framework, where placement of electron-withdrawing substituents caused higher catalytic activity. However 6 and 7 displayed poor activity under the same conditions, suggested ortho-substituents onto the Ar moieties hamper the coordination-insertion of the ε-CL monomer. The ROP of ε-CL by efficient binary catalytic systems proceeded in a living manner evidenced by the narrow PDIs and the linear nature of Mn versus conversion plots and monomer/catalyst ratios.

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Dec 2017, accepted on 05 Feb 2018 and first published on 06 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04522K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Living ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone catalyzed by β-quinolyl-enamino aluminium complexes: ligand electronic effect

    P. Wang, J. Chao and X. Chen, Dalton Trans., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04522K

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