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Issue 14, 2018
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Preparation of a mesocellular siliceous foam supported lanthanide-sensitive polymer for the selective adsorption of lanthanides

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Abstract

A ship in bottle nanocomposite was fabricated as a novel adsorbent for lanthanides by immobilizing a lanthanide-sensitive polymer into mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF). The MCF was used as a novel carrier for immobilization of the polymer, and the polymer was synthesized via in situ ring-opening polymerization of 2-methyl-2-oxazoline (MOL) and divinylbenzene (DVB) in the presence of MCFs. The substantially physically modified MCF-based composite exhibited superior adsorptivity and selectivity to lanthanides due to its exceptional properties, which was employed for lanthanide adsorption from aqueous solution by a facile solid–liquid separation procedure. The adsorption of lanthanides by the composite was systematically studied including adsorption parameter investigation and adsorption mechanism evaluation. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics were also investigated and proved to follow the Langmuir model and the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption thermodynamics study indicated that the adsorption process was thermodynamically favorable, endothermic and spontaneous. The prepared inorganic–organic hybrid composite has superior selectivity and specificity to lanthanides, which can be used for lanthanide enrichment and separation of lanthanides from actinides.

Graphical abstract: Preparation of a mesocellular siliceous foam supported lanthanide-sensitive polymer for the selective adsorption of lanthanides

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Nov 2017, accepted on 07 Feb 2018 and first published on 07 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04255H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 4840-4846
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    Preparation of a mesocellular siliceous foam supported lanthanide-sensitive polymer for the selective adsorption of lanthanides

    W. Li, P. Lin, S. Dai, X. Sun and Y. Shen, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 4840
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04255H

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