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Layered perovskite-like La2−xCaxNiOδ derived catalysts for hydrogen production via auto-thermal reforming of acetic acid

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Abstract

Acetic acid from bio-oil is a renewable resource for hydrogen production. Layered perovskite-like Ca-doped La2−xCaxNiOδ (x = 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2) catalysts were prepared via a sol–gel method and tested in auto-thermal reforming (ATR) of acetic acid (AC) for hydrogen production. XRD, TPR, BET, XPS, TG, SEM and TEM characterization was carried out; the results show that the layered perovskite-like structure was the main phase in La2−xCaxNiOδ with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, and La–Ca–O composite oxide species increased with increasing calcium content, while the reducibility of Ni metal was gradually enhanced as well. During the ATR process, La2O2CO3 and CaCO3 species were generated and nickel particles were stable, suggesting that partial substitution of La by Ca in La2−xCaxNiOδ was beneficial to stabilizing Ni particles with less coking. As a result, over the LaCaNiOδ catalyst, the AC conversion reached 100% and the hydrogen yield remained stable near 2.80 mol-H2 per mol-AC during the ATR test.

Graphical abstract: Layered perovskite-like La2−xCaxNiO4±δ derived catalysts for hydrogen production via auto-thermal reforming of acetic acid

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2018, accepted on 12 Mar 2018 and first published on 16 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CY00116B
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2018, Advance Article
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    Layered perovskite-like La2−xCaxNiOδ derived catalysts for hydrogen production via auto-thermal reforming of acetic acid

    W. Xie, J. Yang, Q. Wang, L. Huang and N. Wang, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CY00116B

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