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Native defect assisted enhanced response to CH4 near room temperature by Al0.07Ga0.93N nanowires

Abstract

Gas sensors at low operating temperature with high sensitivity are demand for the group III nitrides owing to their high chemical and thermal stability. The CH4 sensing is realized for the Al0.07Ga0.93N nanowires with an improved response over the GaN NWs at a low operating temperature of 50 °C, for the first time. Al0.07Ga0.93N nanowires (NWs) were synthesized via ion beam mixing process using inert gas ion irradiation on the bilayer of Al/GaN NWs. The sensing mechanism is explained with the help of native defects present in the system. The number of shallow acceptors created by Ga vacancy (VGa) is found to be higher in Al0.07Ga0.93N NWs than those in the as-grown GaN NWs. The role of O antisite defect (ON) for the formation of shallow VGa is inferred from photoluminescence spectroscopic analysis. These native defects strongly influence the gas sensing behavior resulting in the enhanced and low temperature CH4 sensing.

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 May 2018, accepted on 12 Jun 2018 and first published on 12 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02879F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Native defect assisted enhanced response to CH4 near room temperature by Al0.07Ga0.93N nanowires

    S. Parida, A. Das, A. K. Prasad, J. Ghatak and S. K. Dhara, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02879F

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