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Interlayer coupling and electric field tunable electronic properties and Schottky barrier in a graphene/bilayer-GaSe van der Waals heterostructure

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Abstract

In this work, using density functional theory we investigated systematically the electronic properties and Schottky barrier modulation in a multilayer graphene/bilayer-GaSe heterostructure by varying the interlayer spacing and by applying an external electric field. At the equilibrium state, the graphene is bound to bilayer-GaSe by a weak van der Waals interaction with the interlayer distance d of 3.40 Å with the binding energy per carbon atom of −37.71 meV. The projected band structure of the graphene/bilayer-GaSe heterostructure appears as a combination of each band structure of graphene and bilayer-GaSe. Moreover, a tiny band gap of about 10 meV is opened at the Dirac point in the graphene/bilayer-GaSe heterostructure due to the sublattice symmetry breaking. The band gap opening in graphene makes it suitable for potential applications in nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices. The graphene/bilayer-GaSe heterostructure forms an n-type Schottky contact with the Schottky barrier height of 0.72 eV at the equilibrium interlayer spacing. Furthermore, a transformation from the n-type to p-type Schottky contact could be performed by decreasing the interlayer distance or by applying an electric field. This transformation is observed when the interlayer distance is smaller than 3.30 Å, or when the applied positive external electric field is larger than 0.0125 V Å−1. These results are very important for designing new electronic Schottky devices based on graphene and other 2D semiconductors such as a graphene/bilayer-GaSe heterostructure.

Graphical abstract: Interlayer coupling and electric field tunable electronic properties and Schottky barrier in a graphene/bilayer-GaSe van der Waals heterostructure

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Apr 2018, accepted on 12 Jun 2018 and first published on 12 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02190B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Interlayer coupling and electric field tunable electronic properties and Schottky barrier in a graphene/bilayer-GaSe van der Waals heterostructure

    H. V. Phuc, N. N. Hieu, B. D. Hoi and C. V. Nguyen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02190B

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