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Issue 18, 2018
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Effects of graphene/BN encapsulation, surface functionalization and molecular adsorption on the electronic properties of layered InSe: a first-principles study

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Abstract

By using first-principles calculations, we investigated the effects of graphene/boron nitride (BN) encapsulation, and surface functionalization by metallic elements (K, Al, Mg and typical transition metals) and molecules (tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) and tetracyanoethylene (TCNE)) on the electronic properties of layered indium selenide (InSe). It was found that an opposite trend of charge transfer is possible for graphene (donor) and BN (acceptor), which is dramatically different from phosphorene where both graphene and BN play the same role (donor). For an InSe/BN heterostructure, a change of the interlayer distance due to out-of-plane compression can effectively modulate the band gap. Strong acceptor abilities to InSe were found for the TCNE and TCNQ molecules. For K, Al and Mg-doped monolayer InSe, charge transfer from the K and Al atoms to the InSe surface was observed, causing an n-type conduction of InSe, while p-type conduction of InSe was observed in the case of Mg-doping. The atomically thin structure of InSe enables the possible observation and utilization of the dopant-induced vertical electric field across the interface. A proper adoption of the n- or p-type dopants allows for the modulation of the work function, the Fermi level pinning, the band bending, and the photo-adsorbing efficiency near the InSe surface/interface. Investigation of the adsorption of transition metal atoms on InSe showed that Ti-, V-, Cr-, Mn-, and Co-adsorbed InSe are spin-polarized, while Ni-, Cu-, Pd-, Ag- and Au-adsorbed InSe are non-spin-polarized. Our results shed light on the possible ways to protect InSe structures and modulate their electronic properties for nanoelectronics and electrochemical device applications.

Graphical abstract: Effects of graphene/BN encapsulation, surface functionalization and molecular adsorption on the electronic properties of layered InSe: a first-principles study

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Feb 2018, accepted on 13 Apr 2018 and first published on 14 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP01146J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 12939-12947
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    Effects of graphene/BN encapsulation, surface functionalization and molecular adsorption on the electronic properties of layered InSe: a first-principles study

    A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V. Dmitriev and Y. Zhang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 12939
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP01146J

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