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Issue 15, 2018
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Pyrochlore Ce2Zr2O7 decorated over rGO: a photocatalyst that proves to be efficient towards the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and degradation of ciprofloxacin under visible light

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Abstract

In the present study, a series of Ce2Zr2O7@rGO nanocomposites were synthesized using a simple solution combustion method followed by a photoreduction technique. The as-prepared samples were well characterised using various analytical techniques to determine the morphological, optical, structural, electrochemical and compositional properties. The presence of oxygen defects was observed from Raman and photoluminescence spectra. The photoreduction of GO to rGO was determined from Raman and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy results. The role of rGO proved to be quite significant for the enhanced photocatalytic activity of the nanocomposites. The synergistic communication between Ce2Zr2O7 and rGO accelerates the photoreduction of 4-nitrophenol along with the degradation of ciprofloxacin under visible light irradiation. Of the rGO nanocomposites, 3 wt% GO loaded Ce2Zr2O7 reduces 99% of 20 ppm of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in 120 min and decomposes 10 ppm of ciprofloxacin by up to 89% in 60 min. The significant enhancement in the activity of the Ce2Zr2O7@rGO nanocomposite was ascribed to the effective charge separation of excitons through π-conjugation of graphene at the interface, which is well supported by the impedance, photoluminescence and photocatalytic results.

Graphical abstract: Pyrochlore Ce2Zr2O7 decorated over rGO: a photocatalyst that proves to be efficient towards the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and degradation of ciprofloxacin under visible light

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2018, accepted on 26 Mar 2018 and first published on 05 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00621K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 9872-9885
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    Pyrochlore Ce2Zr2O7 decorated over rGO: a photocatalyst that proves to be efficient towards the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and degradation of ciprofloxacin under visible light

    S. Mansingh, R. Acharya, S. Martha and K. M. Parida, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 9872
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00621K

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