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Issue 14, 2018
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Theoretical study of radiative and nonradiative decay rates for Cu(I) complexes with double heteroleptic ligands

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Abstract

In this paper, we conducted DFT and TDDFT calculations on three double heteroleptic Cu(I) complexes to understand how different substituents on N^N ligands influence the phosphorescence quantum yield (PLQY). Both radiative and nonradiative decay processes were thoroughly investigated. Factors that determine the rate of radiative process (kr) were considered, including the lowest triplet excited state E(T1), the transition dipole moment MSm,j of the Sm → S0 transition, the spin-coupled matrix element SOC, and the singlet–triplet splitting energies ΔE(Sm–T1). The results indicate that E(T1), MSm,j and SOC increase and ΔE(Sm–T1) decreases upon introducing –Ph and –CH2– groups on the N^N ligands. The net results lead to a gradual increase of kr in the three Cu(I) complexes, from 1 (0.48 × 104 s−1) to 2 (0.64 × 104 s−1) and then to 3 (1.61 × 104 s−1). The rate of nonradiative decay process (knr) was computed by a convolution method. We explored how knr is determined by SOC between T1 and S0 states (〈T1|SOC|S02), effective energy gap ΔE′ and the Huang–Rhys factor (S). We found that 〈T1|SOC|S02 and ΔE′ contribute significantly to knr, but S does not determine the order of knr. knr gradually decreases from complex 1 (2.51 × 106 s−1) to 2 (0.32 × 106 s−1) and then to 3 (0.14 × 106 s−1) after introducing –Ph and –CH2– groups on the N^N ligands. The computed PLQYs for the three complexes are 1: 0.0019, 2: 0.0198, and 3: 0.1011. These are quantitatively consistent with the experimental observation (1: 0.0028, 2: 0.0061, and 3: 0.1000).

Graphical abstract: Theoretical study of radiative and nonradiative decay rates for Cu(i) complexes with double heteroleptic ligands

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jan 2018, accepted on 06 Mar 2018 and first published on 07 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00525G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 9419-9428
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    Theoretical study of radiative and nonradiative decay rates for Cu(I) complexes with double heteroleptic ligands

    Y. Chen, A. Ren, Z. Yang, T. He, X. Ding, H. Zhang and L. Zou, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 9419
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00525G

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