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Issue 17, 2018
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DFT insights into oxygen vacancy formation and CH4 activation over CeO2 surfaces modified by transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni)

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Abstract

The effects of transition metal (Fe, Co and Ni) modification (adsorption, insertion and substitution) of CeO2 surfaces on oxygen vacancy formation and CH4 activation are studied on the basis of first principles calculations. The results indicate that the hollow, O–O-bridge and Ce–O-bridge sites are the most stable sites for Fe, Co and Ni atom adsorption on the CeO2(111) surface, and the double O-bridge, O-top and double O-bridge sites are the corresponding most favorable sites for the CeO2(110) surface. Most of the configurations that are generated by the transition metal modification of CeO2(111) and (110) surfaces are accompanied by the reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+. Based on the calculated subsurface (SS) and sublayer (SL) oxygen vacancies of the CeO2(111) surface, the results show that the substitution of transition metals on the CeO2(111) surface can promote SS oxygen vacancy formation spontaneously, whereas the most stable adsorption of transition metal Fe and Ni atoms on the CeO2(111) surface can promote SL oxygen vacancy formation spontaneously. For the CeO2(110) surface, the substitution of transition metals can facilitate plain (P) and spilt (S)-type oxygen vacancy formation spontaneously. With respect to CH4 activation, the results show that Co atom substitution on the CeO2(110) surface can greatly facilitate the first C–H bond activation step, with an energy barrier of 0.783 eV and a reaction energy of 0.229 eV. However, Co atom substitution on the CeO2(110) surface with P and S-type oxygen vacancies is not conducive to C–H activation. The obtained results could provide new insights into the structural features of transition metal-modified CeO2 at the atomistic level, leading to the more efficient design of oxygen carriers and the optimization of the activation pathways of methane over this type of catalyst.

Graphical abstract: DFT insights into oxygen vacancy formation and CH4 activation over CeO2 surfaces modified by transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni)

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Dec 2017, accepted on 21 Mar 2018 and first published on 21 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08376A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 11912-11929
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    DFT insights into oxygen vacancy formation and CH4 activation over CeO2 surfaces modified by transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni)

    D. Tian, K. Li, Y. Wei, X. Zhu, C. Zeng, X. Cheng, Y. Zheng and H. Wang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 11912
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08376A

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