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Issue 13, 2018
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Atomistic investigations on the mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of indium phosphide nanowires

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Abstract

The mechanical properties of indium phosphide (InP) nanowires are an emerging issue due to the promising applications of these nanowires in nanoelectromechanical and microelectromechanical devices. In this study, molecular dynamics simulations of zincblende (ZB) and wurtzite (WZ) crystal structured InP nanowires (NWs) are presented under uniaxial tension at varying sizes and temperatures. It is observed that the tensile strengths of both types of NWs show inverse relationships with temperature, but are independent of the size of the nanowires. Moreover, applied load causes brittle fracture by nucleating cleavage on ZB and WZ NWs. When the tensile load is applied along the [001] direction, the direction of the cleavage planes of ZB NWs changes with temperature. It is found that the {111} planes are the cleavage planes at lower temperatures; on the other hand, the {110} cleavage planes are activated at elevated temperatures. In the case of WZ NWs, fracture of the material is observed to occur by cleaving along the (0001) plane irrespective of temperature when the tensile load is applied along the [0001] direction. Furthermore, the WZ NWs of InP show considerably higher strength than their ZB counterparts. Finally, the impact of strain rate on the failure behavior of InP NWs is also studied, and higher fracture strengths and strains at higher strain rates are found. With increasing strain rate, the number of cleavages also increases in the NWs. This paper also provides in-depth understanding of the failure behavior of InP NWs, which will aid the design of efficient InP NWs-based devices.

Graphical abstract: Atomistic investigations on the mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of indium phosphide nanowires

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Dec 2017, accepted on 28 Feb 2018 and first published on 01 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08252E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 8647-8657
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    Atomistic investigations on the mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of indium phosphide nanowires

    T. H. Pial, T. Rakib, S. Mojumder, M. Motalab and M. A. S. Akanda, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 8647
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08252E

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