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Issue 8, 2018
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Dynamics and ionic conductivity of ionic liquid crystals forming a hexagonal columnar mesophase

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Abstract

For the first time, the molecular mobility of two linear-shaped tetramethylated guanidinium triflate ionic liquid crystals (ILCs) having different lengths of alkyl chains was investigated using a combination of broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and specific heat spectroscopy (SHS). By self-assembly, these ILCs can form a hexagonal ordered mesophase besides plastic crystalline phases and the isotropic state. Three dielectric active processes were found using BDS for both samples. At low temperatures, a γ-process in the plastic crystalline state is observed which is assigned to localized fluctuations of methyl groups including nitrogen atoms in the guanidinium head. At higher temperatures but still in the plastic crystalline state, an α1-process takes place. An α2-process was detected using SHS but with a completely different temperature dependence of the relaxation times than that of the α1-relaxation. This result is discussed in detail, and different molecular assignments of the processes are suggested. At even higher temperatures, electrical conductivity is detected and an increase in the DC conductivity by four orders of magnitude at the phase transition from the plastic crystalline to the hexagonal columnar mesophase is found. This result is traced to a change in the charge transport mechanism from a delocalized electron hopping in the stacked aromatic systems (in the plastic phase) to one dominated by an ionic conduction in the quasi-1D ion channels formed along the supermolecular columns in the ILC hexagonal mesophases.

Graphical abstract: Dynamics and ionic conductivity of ionic liquid crystals forming a hexagonal columnar mesophase

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Dec 2017, accepted on 25 Jan 2018 and first published on 26 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08186C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 5626-5635
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    Dynamics and ionic conductivity of ionic liquid crystals forming a hexagonal columnar mesophase

    A. Yildirim, P. Szymoniak, K. Sentker, M. Butschies, A. Bühlmeyer, P. Huber, S. Laschat and A. Schönhals, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 5626
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08186C

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