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New electron delocalization tools to describe the aromaticity in porphyrinoids

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Abstract

The role of aromaticity in porphyrinoids is a current subject of debate due to the intricate structure of these macrocycles, which can adopt Hückel, Möbius and even figure-eight conformers. One of the main challenges in these large π-conjugated structures is identifying the most conjugated pathway because, among aromaticity descriptors, there are very few that can be applied coherently to this variety of conformers. In this paper, we have investigated the conjugated pathways in nine porphyrinoid compounds using several aromaticity descriptors, including BLA, BOA, FLU and HOMA, as well as the recently introduced AV1245 and AVmin indices. All the indices agree on the general features of these compounds, such as the fulfillment of Hückel's rule or which compounds should be more or less aromatic from the series. However, our results evince the difficulty of finding the most aromatic pathway in the macrocycle for large porphyrinoids. In fact, only AVmin is capable of recognizing the annulene pathway as the most aromatic one in the nine studied structures. Finally, we study the effect of the exchange in DFT functionals on the description of the aromaticity of the porphyrinoids. The amount of exact exchange quantitatively changes the picture for most aromaticity descriptors, AVmin being the only exception that shows the same qualitative results in all cases.

Graphical abstract: New electron delocalization tools to describe the aromaticity in porphyrinoids

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Nov 2017, accepted on 19 Dec 2017 and first published on 19 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07581B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    New electron delocalization tools to describe the aromaticity in porphyrinoids

    I. Casademont-Reig, T. Woller, J. Contreras-García, M. Alonso, M. Torrent-Sucarrat and E. Matito, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07581B

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