Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 4, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Evolution of the topological properties of two-dimensional group IVA materials and device design

Author affiliations

Abstract

Two-dimensional group IVA materials (graphene, silicene, germanene, stanene, and plumbene) are promising candidates for realization of the quantum spin Hall effect and for future device applications. We employ density functional theory, tight-binding models, and a Green's function method to systematically investigate their topological properties. From graphene to plumbene, the strength of spin–orbit coupling and the bulk gap increases with increasing atomic mass, and plumbene, as a normal insulator, is totally different from the other four materials, whose ground states are topological insulators. Through detailed analyses of orbital character weights and the evolution of low-energy states around the Γ point, we explain why plumbene is so different. Our quantum transport calculations also indicate that there exist electronic transport channels along edges within the bulk gap of topological insulators. By investigating the effects of external fields on the electronic structures of silicene, germanene, and stanene, we reveal a rich phase diagram and propose two filters with nearly 100% spin polarization. In addition, we present a theoretical design for a spin twister, based on curved two-dimensional topological insulators.

Graphical abstract: Evolution of the topological properties of two-dimensional group IVA materials and device design

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 02 Nov 2017, accepted on 18 Dec 2017 and first published on 05 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07420D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 2296-2307
  •   Request permissions

    Evolution of the topological properties of two-dimensional group IVA materials and device design

    X. Yu and J. Wu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 2296
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07420D

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements