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Issue 8, 2018
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Ion hydration: linking self-diffusion and reorientational motion to water structure

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Abstract

Ions affect the self-diffusion and relaxation of water. Such ion-induced changes of water dynamics have long been rationalized in terms of the change of the water structure around the ions. The aim of this paper is to establish a link between dynamics and the “water structure” on the basis of the extended jump (EJ) model for the reorientational motion of water, Eyring's transition state theory of the self-diffusion of water, and the statistical thermodynamic preferential solvation theory developed from the Kirkwood–Buff (KB) theory. Through the synthesis of the above three, we formulate a scheme to correlate the ion-induced water dynamics changes to the water structure. With this new formulation, it is shown that chaotropic or negatively hydrated ions preferentially bind the transition state of water motion thereby stabilizing the transition state, whereas the exclusion of kosmotropes or positively hydrated ions suppresses the formation of the transition state. The ion effects on water dynamics are thus analyzed in a unified manner in terms of KB integrals, which represent the (averaged) “structures” of water.

Graphical abstract: Ion hydration: linking self-diffusion and reorientational motion to water structure

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Oct 2017, accepted on 18 Jan 2018 and first published on 08 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07309G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 5909-5917
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    Ion hydration: linking self-diffusion and reorientational motion to water structure

    S. Shimizu and N. Matubayasi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 5909
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07309G

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