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Acidochromic Spiropyran-Merocyanine stabilisation in the solid-state


In this work, we present an innovative approach to stabilise the open-ring Merocyanine form of a Spiropyran compound. At the solid state the Merocyanine form is only rarily observed, highlighting the importance of this contribution. Our concept is based on a co-crystallisation approach of the open form with an inorganic acid. This way we identified a reliable technique of stabilising the coloured Merocyanine form and in one specific case we even obtained crystals with increased stability towards photodegradation. 15 novel crystal structures of Spiropyran derivatives with several inorganic acids were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Solvent evaporation of Spiropyran compounds, i.e. 1,3,3-Trimethylindolinobenzo-pyrylospiran (SPH), 1,3,3-Trimethylindolinonaphthopyrylospiran (SPBenz), 1,3,3-Trimethylindolino-8'-methoxy-benzopyrylospiran (SPOMe) and 1,3,3-Trimethylindolino-6'-nitrobenzopyrylospiran (SPNO2), in presence of inorganic acids, namely hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, sulphuric acid and phosphoric acid, yielded the rare open-ring Merocyanine form stabilised by protonation of the primary oxygen atom unfolded by the ring-opening isomerisation and compensating the charge with a hydrogen bonded anion. Analysis of the solid state properties was performed by thermal gravimetric analysis and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Feb 2018, accepted on 06 Apr 2018 and first published on 09 Apr 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00291F
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Acidochromic Spiropyran-Merocyanine stabilisation in the solid-state

    V. K. Seiler, K. Callebaut, K. Robeyns, N. Tumanov, J. Wouters, B. R. Champagne and T. Leyssens, CrystEngComm, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00291F

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