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Biomimetic mineralization of a hydroxyapatite crystal in the presence of a zwitterionic polymer

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Abstract

In this study, nano-hydroxyapatite crystals (nHAs) were prepared in the presence of zwitterionic poly(3-carboxy-N,N-dimethyl-N-(3′-acrylamidopropyl) propanaminium inner salt) (PCBAA) at different concentrations and pH microenvironments, denoted as Z-nHAs. The phase, morphology, size of apatite, and interactions between nHAs and PCBAA were systemically characterized via XRD, TEM, FTIR, and TGA. The results showed that Z-nHAs could be formed at all pH ranges in the presence of PCBAA in our experiment. It was different from the case of pure nHAs that could not be formed under an acidic microenvironment without PCBAA. In addition, a higher pH value was beneficial for the formation of nHAs with a smaller size. Z-nHAs exhibited a fiber-like structure at the initial 2 h and became rod-like in shape after 5 h, whereas pure nHAs prepared in water had an irregular flake-like structure. Moreover, 14–20% PCBAA could be incorporated into Z-nHAs via interactions between the quaternary ammonium group (–R3N+) and carboxyl group (–COO) in the PCBAA chain and Ca2+/PO43− of nHA. A possible mechanism for the formation of Z-nHAs in the presence of PCBAA was proposed based on the experimental results.

Graphical abstract: Biomimetic mineralization of a hydroxyapatite crystal in the presence of a zwitterionic polymer

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jan 2018, accepted on 23 Mar 2018 and first published on 24 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00119G
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    Biomimetic mineralization of a hydroxyapatite crystal in the presence of a zwitterionic polymer

    M. Xu, F. Ji, Z. Qin, D. Dong, X. Tian, R. Niu, D. Sun, F. Yao and J. Li, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00119G

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