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Biomineralization of varied calcium carbonate crystals by the synergistic effect of silk fibroin/magnesium ions in a microbial system

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Abstract

The influence of silk fibroin (SF) and magnesium ions (Mg2+) on calcium carbonate (CaCO3) bio-mineralization has been investigated. However, the morphology of CaCO3 controlled by the synergistic effect of SF and magnesium ions has not been reported in microbial mineralization systems. Here, we provide novel experimental insights into the role of SF and Mg2+ in the crystallization of CaCO3 in microbial mineralization systems. The morphology and crystallization of CaCO3 aggregates are affected by the self-assembly of SF molecules and the inhibition of Mg2+. This combination promoted the growth of a novel, rod-like superstructure of calcite crystals by aggregating/assembling behavior and crystallization kinetics. In addition, prism-shaped and hemispherical CaCO3 crystal superstructures were obtained in the presence of Mg2+ and SF, respectively. Furthermore, CaCO3 crystals with well-defined morphologies and polymorphs can be obtained by regulating the crystallization conditions (mineralization time and the amount of the additives). The above system has potential applications in the design and preparation of numerous inorganic materials with novel morphologies and specific textures.

Graphical abstract: Biomineralization of varied calcium carbonate crystals by the synergistic effect of silk fibroin/magnesium ions in a microbial system

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jan 2018, accepted on 27 Mar 2018 and first published on 28 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00099A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    Biomineralization of varied calcium carbonate crystals by the synergistic effect of silk fibroin/magnesium ions in a microbial system

    T. Chen, P. Shi, Y. Li, T. Duan, Y. Yu, X. Li and W. Zhu, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00099A

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