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Regulatable morphology and self-assembly of one-dimensional luminescent crystals based on alkyl-fluoro-substituted dithienophenazines

Abstract

A class of dithienophenazine derivatives, 9,10-difluoro-2,5-dialkyldithieno[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (F-n, n = 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8), modified with various lengths of linear alkyl chains were synthesized and used as building blocks to assemble luminescent one-dimensional (1D) nano/microcrystals. It was demonstrated that the side-chain length can dramatically influence the self-assembled morphologies of the 1D nano/micromaterials. The self-assembly behaviors of F-n have been studied based on the methods of crystallization in solution phase and solvent evaporation on substrate. For F-4, F-6 and F-7 molecules, well-defined 1D twisted micro-structures (including ribbons, fibers and bundles) were obtained. F-5 molecules can self-assemble into nearly criss-cross (orthogonal) network patterns interconnected by 1D wires. F-8 molecules with longer alkyl chains predominantly formed flattened wires. Single crystal X-ray structure studies of F-n (n = 4, 5 and 8) demonstrated that alkyl chains with different lengths result in distinctly different intermolecular interactions and molecular packing modes, which provides a reasonable explanation for the alkyl chain length dependent assembly morphologies and emissions of F-n based nano/micromaterials. It has been demonstrated that the anisotropic noncovalent interactions and mirror-symmetrical crystallization dominated the 1D-assembly behaviors of this class of molecules.

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jan 2018, accepted on 13 Feb 2018 and first published on 13 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00021B
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Regulatable morphology and self-assembly of one-dimensional luminescent crystals based on alkyl-fluoro-substituted dithienophenazines

    X. Song, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Miao, K. Ye and Y. Wang, CrystEngComm, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00021B

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