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Issue 4, 2018
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The effect of annealing temperature on the structure and optical properties of well-aligned 1D SnO2 nanowires synthesized using template-assisted deposition

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Abstract

We report the observations on the structural characterization and the optical properties of SnO2 nanowires post-treated under different annealing temperatures (300, 400, 500 & 600 °C) for 1 h. Well-aligned SnO2 nanowires with diameters of about 100–120 nm were deposited into alumina templates by means of the liquid phase deposition method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman patterns of the prepared samples were indexed to the rutile phase of SnO2 without any trace of an extra phase, which was further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of SnO2 nanowires was studied by using UV-vis and luminescence spectral data. The UV-vis spectra indicated that the absorption edge is blue shifted as the annealing temperature is raised and the bandgap was determined to be 3.32 eV to 3.88 eV. Photoluminescence measurements showed a broad dominant emission peak in the visible region around 450–650 nm. This suggests that the visible emission can originate from defect-related states, particularly oxygen vacancies induced during the formation of SnO2 nanowires.

Graphical abstract: The effect of annealing temperature on the structure and optical properties of well-aligned 1D SnO2 nanowires synthesized using template-assisted deposition

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Oct 2017, accepted on 14 Dec 2017 and first published on 04 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01815K
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018,20, 460-469
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    The effect of annealing temperature on the structure and optical properties of well-aligned 1D SnO2 nanowires synthesized using template-assisted deposition

    A. Sadeghzadeh-Attar and M. R. Bafandeh, CrystEngComm, 2018, 20, 460
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01815K

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