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Miniaturized, High-Throughput and Green Determination of the Saponification Value of Edible Oils Using Thermal Infrared Enthalpimetry

Abstract

Saponification value (SV) is one of the parameters used to evaluate the quality of edible oils and it is determined by titration after oil heating with the KOH solution. This method is time-consuming, and requires a high amount of reagents and energy to perform the analysis. In the present work, the determination of SV is proposed using thermal infrared enthalpimetry (TIE) in a high-throughput and green way. Sample preparation and determination steps were performed in the same vessel (polypropylene microplate), which was adapted for the simultaneous preparation of 24 samples and determination of the remaining KOH by TIE. The optimization of such parameters as the sample mass, heating time, stirring speed and dispensing rate was performed and the best conditions found were 120 mg, 5 h, 250 rpm and 0.57 mL s-1, respectively. Afterwards, the SVs of canola, corn, olive, rice, soy and sunflower oil were determined by TIE and the results were compared with those obtained by AOAC 920.160, with no statistical differences found (Student’s t-test, p > 0.05). A decrease in the sample mass and reagent consumption of up to 41 times was observed. Additionally, TIE allowed a sample throughput at least two orders of magnitude higher than the conventional method, showing its feasibility for routine analysis. In addition, a reduction in energy consumption of 625 times was observed. Therefore, the proposed TIE method allowed the determination of the SVs of edible oils in a simple and high-throughput way in accordance with the principles of green analytical chemistry.

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Mar 2018, accepted on 09 Jun 2018 and first published on 11 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AY00597D
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Miniaturized, High-Throughput and Green Determination of the Saponification Value of Edible Oils Using Thermal Infrared Enthalpimetry

    F. M. Dalla Nora, A. S. Oliveira, B. N. Lucas, D. F. Ferreira, F. A. Duarte, A. J. Cichoski, R. O. Mello and J. S. S. Barin, Anal. Methods, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8AY00597D

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